The influence of patellofemoral degenerative changes on the outcome of the unicompartmental knee replacement
|IJOCP | Volume – 2015| Issue – 2015| Article ID – 2015:63
Conference: Indian Orthopaedic Association Annual Conference IOACON-2013, India [Click for Full details]
Authors: Abdulkarim A, Motterlini N, Donnell T M, Neil M J
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Introduction: Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is a recognized procedure for treatment of medial compartment osteoarthritis. Patellofemoral (PF) joint degeneration is widely considered to be a contraindication to medial unicompartmental knee replacement. We examined the validity of this preconception using information gathered prospectively on consecutive patients who underwent UKA using the Repicci II® UKA prosthesis for medial compartment osteoarthritis.
Methods: We prospectively collected data on 147 consecutive patients who underwent the Repicci II® UKA for medial compartment osteoarthritis. All operations were performed between July 1999 and September 2000 by the same surgeon. The status of the PF joint was assessed intra-operatively in all patients, and accordingly patients were divided into two groups, one group with a normal PF joint, and the second group with degenerative changes of the PF joint. Variables measured for outcome included the International Knee Society (IKS) score, limb alignment, and range of motion. Radiographs were assessed for progression of disease or failure of implant. The mean follow-up was 9.4 years (range: 5-10.7 years). Patients were reviewed initially at 2 weeks, and then at 6 months post-operatively. They were subsequently reviewed on an annual basis.. All patients completed an IKS score preoperatively and at last follow-up. Age, gender, BMI, length of hospital stay, perioperative complications, all subsequent surgery, including revision of the prosthesis, and survivorship at 10 years was recorded, and results of the 2 groups compared.
Results: A total of 147 patients were included in the study. None were lost to follow-up. Sixty nine had associated PF osteoarthritis (group A) while 78 patients had a normal PF compartment when assessed intraoperatively (group B). Post-operative outcomes of the two groups were compared using the ANCOVA analysis with adjustment for pre-operation values firstly, and adjusting also for gender, age, BMI and follow-up secondly. There were no significant differences in terms of IKS, alignment, and flexion between the two groups. However, patients in group B had significantly better extension post-operatively than patients in group A (p<0.05).
Conclusion: We concluded that damage to the articular cartilage of the patellofemoral joint to the extent of full thickness cartilage loss is not a contraindication to the Repicci II® unicondylar knee arthroplasty for medial compartment osteoarthritis. However, extension is significantly improved post-operatively in those patients with minimal or no PF joint degenerative disease.
|How to Cite this Abstract|
|Abdulkarim A, Motterlini N, Donnell T M, Neil M J . The influence of patellofemoral degenerative changes on the outcome of the unicompartmental knee replacement. International Journal of Conference Proceedings 2015;(2015):64|